1.1 Culture

The word culture has many different meanings. For some it refers to an appreciation of good literature, music, art, and food. For a biologist, it is likely to be a colony of bacteria or other microorganisms growing in a nutrient medium in a laboratory Petri dish. For anthropologists and other behavioral scientists, culture is the full range of learned human behavior patterns. The term was first used in this way by the pioneer English Anthropologist Edward B. Tylor in his book, Primitive Culture, published in 1871.

In this module “culture” will be described and explained what is meant by it for this Soulbus-e-Coach programme. Cultural differences are based on more than one aspect: religion, gender, country, etc., and we will explain these differences by using two theories and systems.